Diabetes & Eye Health: Causes, Effects & Care


Top Optometrist Chelsea NYC with diabetic eyeDiabetes can result in chronically high levels of blood sugar, which often damages the small blood vessels inside the retina. This causes diabetic retinopathy. Your retina senses light. It converts it into signals that are  then relayed to your brain via the optic nerve. Sometimes, diabetic retinopathy makes the retina’s blood vessels bleed (hemorrhage) or leak fluid, which distorts your vision. Top Optometrist Chelsea NYC discusses how diabetes affects your eye health and what available treatments there are.


In severe cases, abnormal blood vessels appear on the retina’s surface, which leads to loss of cells inside the retina and scarring. Proliferative retinopathy is a condition where blood vessels become blocked and gradually close up. New blood vessels do appear to replace the lost blood vessels, however they do not work as well. Vitrectomy and photocoagulation are two of the many possible treatment options for retinopathy. These treatments stop any additional eye problems from developing.


While they do not always occur because of diabetes, cataracts are a fairly common problem for diabetics. Actually, many diabetic sufferers get cataracts when they are young, and the problem gets worse as time goes by. Surgery is one method available to remedy this condition, but you can stop cataracts from developing any further by shielding your eyes from sunlight whenever possible. Be sure to visit your optometrist annually.

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Similar to cataracts, diabetic sufferers run the risk of developing glaucoma. This tends to happen more in older diabetic sufferers. With glaucoma, your vision gradually deteriorates as a result of this as the nerves and retina in your eyes become damaged. Surgery and prescription drugs are two examples of treatments for glaucoma.

Treatment Options

Eye doctors use dilated eye examinations to determine whether diabetes sufferers have retina problems. As part of this examination, doctors also carry out other checks to gauge your peripheral (or side) vision, your eye pressure and how effective your sight is at different distances. Doctors utilize eye drops in dilated eye examinations to make your pupils bigger. Pupils are the openings in the middle of the iris.

Making your pupils bigger enables eye doctors to inspect more of the interior of your eyes. This way, they can look for traces of infection. Doctors utilize specially designed magnifying lenses to examine your optic nerve and retina for indications of disease and other related issues.

As a result of having diabetes, you might have to visit an ophthalmologist to undergo a test known as the eye angiogram. The ophthalmologist will photograph the interior of your eyes by firstly injecting one of your arms with dye. Eventually, the dye will reach your eyes then pass through the blood vessels of your eyes. When this happens, the camera can take some photos. This test shows whether your retina has leaking or abnormal blood vessels on it, so your ophthalmologist can determine a suitable treatment.


Therefore, even if you think your vision is OK, it is wise to get a dilated eye examination at least once every year. Frequent examinations can stop most occurrences of blindness, or severe loss of sight, resulting from diabetes. In addition, these examinations will help to protect your sight and ensure that you have the best vision possible.

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Top Optometrist Chelsea NYC

In conclusion, the condition of your eyes is directly related to your health. An example, the relation between having diabetes and the effects that it has on your eyes. In addition, you can keep your eyes healthy by having a comprehensive exam annually. Be sure to schedule an appointment with an experienced optometrist for diabetic eye care and treatment plans. Be sure to contact us to schedule an eye exam today in Chelsea, NYC. We are committed to providing each patient with quality vision solutions. Our staff holds firmly to the value of offering excellent service, care and products through friendly, positive and professional teamwork.

Call us today at (646) 863-1997 or contact us for any questions that you might have on your eye care needs!

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